Confined Space Entry Training Video by Atlantic Training

Confined Space Entry Safety Training DVD and Video Program
 
  • SKU: CS254-DVD
  • Copyright: 2015
  • Runtime: 27 mins.
  • Producer: Atlantic Training
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  • (1) Training DVD
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  • (1) Year of updates
  • (1) Leader’s Guide
  • (1) Scheduling Form
  • (1) Attendance Form
  • (1) Employee Quiz
  • (1) Training Certificate
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OSHA Compliant, Guaranteed This product is compliant to OSHA's Permit Required Confined Space Standard (29 CFR, 1910.146)
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Product Description



OSHA's May 2015 Confined Spaces in Construction regulation (CFR 29 1926 Subpart AA) not only includes specific requirements for construction activities in confined spaces, it also clarifies many of the rules included in its Permit-Required Confined Spaces Standard for General Industry (29 CFR Part 1910.146) as well. 

The Construction Standard can also apply to many employers that don't normally consider themselves to be construction-type businesses. 

Atlantic's Confined Space Entry course provides employees with the information they need to stay safe in Permit Spaces and helps employers stay in compliance with OSHA requirements… whether they are doing general industry or construction type work.

  • Reducing risk with a Permit Space Program.
  • The Entry Permit.
  • Testing for hazardous atmospheres.
  • Making a space as safe as possible.
  • A step-by-step approach to safe entry.
  • Attendants and evacuation.
  • Special situations.
  • …and more.
  • (2) Training DVDs - (1) in English and (1) in Spanish Closed Captioned DVD with digital trainer tools for each.
  • (1) Year of Updates:  In the event there are any changes made to the products in the course of 1 year from purchase, we will provide you with the updated material ensuring your are always OSHA compliant and have the latest content. 
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  • (1) Trainer Tools - A comprehensive leader's guide, reproducible scheduling & attendance form, employee quiz, training certificate and training log.

 * DVD Only options only include DVD of choice along with Trainer Tools. 

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What's in The Box

What's In The Box

  • (1) Training DVD
  • (10) Free accesses to streaming library WAVE
  • (1) Year of updates
  • (1) Leader’s Guide
  • (1) Scheduling Form
  • (1) Attendance Form
  • (1) Employee Quiz
  • (1) Training Certificate
Preview

Video Transcript

Confined Space Entry
Most of the time it's all in a day's work, you routinely take your skills to wherever your job needs to be done and do it. But it's different when the work is to e done in a confined space, because those jobs are never routine. Because confined spaces are dangerous, almost a hundred workers are killed every year while working inside them. That's why the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) created its general industry and construction permit required confined space regulations. 

Whenever you're in a confined space these regulations apply to you. And if you're doing construction type work building, altering or repairing the space even if you're not a construction worker you have to comply with the construction version of the regulation. But whatever you're doing you need to pay attention, because the principles and practices contained in this regulations can help you avoid becoming a statistic. 

Reducing Risk with a Permit Space Program
What are confined spaces there are large enough for you to get into and out of, but entry and exit are physically limited or restricted. There are also large enough for you to work in, but there are not designed for continuous use. Confined spaces can take many forms including tanks, vessels, HVAC ducts, storage bins, water mains, vaults and pits. But the hazards you can find in them falls into four general categories:

  1. Hazardous Atmospheres - this may contain too little or too much oxygen, flammable gases, vapors or dusts or toxic contaminants. Hazardous atmospheres are the cause of many confined space fatalities. 
  2. Tight Areas - the next source of risk is something you wouldn't expect to find in confined spaces that is layouts that create tight areas where you could be trap or fixated. Some spaces may contain liquids or finely grain solid materials that can engulf, crash or suffocate you. 
  3. Engulfment Hazards - the third type of risk associated with confined spaces.
  4. Other Serious Safety and Health Risks - the fourth risk category is a catch on that includes any other serious safety or health risks that maybe present in a confined space such as; Unguarded machinery, exposed live wires even heat stress.

The best way to avoid these hazards is to bring your work outside of the confined space but often that's not possible. So that the confined space regulation have established a set of standard safe work practices to help keep employees safe while working in these spaces. These procedures are use by facility to develop its own permit-required confined space program also known as a permit space program. This program is intended to control the access to confined spaces, control the hazards inside them and protect workers from these hazards.

An employer starts out by identifying all of the confined spaces within the workplace that have one or more of the four types of hazardous conditions that we've discussed. The next step is to inform employees about the spaces by posting warning signs by them. Some of these signs may say that the space is simply off limits. Other signs will say that a written entry permit is required to enter the space. This is own as a permit required confined space or permit space for short. 
 
When work needs to be done inside one of these permit spaces, a careful step by step process must be followed to prevent accidents and injuries. The permit space program also ensures that all employees who might enter a permit space will receive the safety training they need to do it safely. One of the things that a confined space entry program will discuss is the entry team, this team consists of entrants, attendants and an entry supervisor. While this are distinct roles sometimes an employee will perform more than one of them in the course of an entry. This means that all team members need to know the hazards that are involved with a space, as well as the signs and symptoms and consequences of exposure to those hazards.
 
We'll examine this team roles in more detail layer. First, look at the document that prepares the team to enter a confined space safely. 
 
The Entry Permit 
The permit that is required to enter a confined space is more than just a permission slip. It also help guide the entry team in getting the job done safely. It's important source of information before, during and after the entry takes place. The information on an entry permit includes the location and nature of the confined space to be entered. The reason for the entry, the date and authorized duration of the entry. the permit must also identify the entry supervisor, entrants and attendants who have been okay to work on the job. It will identify each of the hazards associated with a confined space and the measures that will be taken to isolate , control or eliminate them. And it will specify what conditions have to exists inside the space before it can be entered. 

When additional documents such as hot work permits are required for the work to proceed the entry permit will list them too. It also lists the personal protective equipment they should be worn and includes details of any communication's gear, atmospheric monitors and alarm systems that will be used. The permit will contain the contact information for local rescue squads, police and fire stations as well as a listed any emergency equipment that must be on hand for the entry as well.

Finally, before the entry can begin, the entry permit has to be signed by the entry supervisor. It will then remain valid only until the project is completed or a condition rises which is prohibited by the permit in that case, the work is stop and space is evacuated. Then the permit must be cancelled if the work that is being performed falls under the general industry version of the standard. 
 
If construction work is being done then depending on the nature of the problem, the permit maybe suspended rather than cancelled while the prohibited condition is investigated. If the problem can be fixed the permit can be reinstated and work can resume in the space. If the problem can't be resolved the permit must be cancelled. Details of any problems that occur during the entry will be recorded on the permit, so they can be started later. Entry permits from completed jobs will be kept on file for at least one year. In addition, to documenting the entry they can also be use to help determine where the facility's permit plan can be improved. 
 
Testing for Hazardous Atmospheres
 Hazardous atmospheres in confined spaces can be level not only can make kill entrants but they can also be fail to people who rush in to assist entrants who have been overcome. Hazardous atmosphere can be invisible to the naked eye, so testing for them is essential in determining what safeguards must be put in place before entering a space. The first test that is required by OSHA measures oxygen levels, having too much or too little oxygen can both make an atmosphere hazardous. When levels measure below 19.5% a person can't breathe an enough oxygen to do physical work safely. Oxygen levels above 23.5% significantly increase the risk of a spark or other ignition source causing a fire or explosion. 
 
The next test that must be conducted before entering a confined space are for flammable gases and vapors. From substances like such as methane, acetylene, carbon disulfide and gasoline. These can become flammable or explosive if enough of them build up in a space. When test show that a gas or vapor has reach the concentration greater than 10% of lower flammable limit (LFL) then space must be ventilated. Combustible dust can present a similar hazard when their concentration reach or exceed their LFLs. As a rule of thumb, if dusts of skewers your vision at a distance of 5 feet or less, it is probably risks a dangerous concentration but actual testing must be performed to accurately judge whether a dust concentration is unsafe.
 
The last test must look for toxic contaminants in the atmosphere of the space carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide are the two most commonly encountered contaminants but a number of others must be tested for as well. Breathing in this substances can cause confusion, illness, loss of consciousness even death. To ensure the on going safety of the people who are entering a space risks atmospheric testing must continue throughout the entry. The result in times of initial and subsequent test are recorded on a space's entry permit.
 
There are a number of things that can be done to make entering a confined space as safe as possible. A permit space program will require that specific safety procedures be followed to reduce risks before anyone goes inside a space. If testing reveals that there's a hazardous atmospheric in the space continuous force air ventilation will be use to clear the air. Unfortunately, force air ventilation alone won't always protect entrants from toxic gases and vapors. In this cases, the entry permit may require entrants to wear respirators or self-contained breathing apparatus. Even if test show that the atmosphere in a space isn't hazardous to begin with, when tasks like welding, rebiting, cutting, burning and heating are performed in a confined space, they can cause kick down residues to boil off and release toxic or flammable gases into the air, because of this written authorization for any of these activities must be provided by the employer in a form of hot work permit. The entry supervisor must verify that the hot work permit has been issued and appropriate respiratory precaution has been taken before signing off on the entry permit.
 
Some confined spaces contain equipment and heavy moving parts that could trap or crash an entrant or energize components that could cause electrocution, burns or other injuries. In these cases all sources of energy should be shut off and all mechanical linkages blocked before anyone enters the space. Lockout/tagout procedures must be strictly followed to reduce the potential from someone restoring the power while the entry is in progress. But in some instances, it maybe impossible to lockout certain type of essential equipment, when this is the case other safety measures must be taken. If you have questions with the electrical safety in a space you are working with ask your supervisor.
 
The Step By Step Approach to Safe Entry

As we've seen a permit space entry program requires careful preparation before anyone step foot inside a hazardous confined space. The program take a similarly cautious approach to the entry itself. To start, the spaces entry supervisor will make certain that rescue services is standing by and that the system that are use to contact them are working too. Rescue personnel that are previously informed about all potential rescue scenarios and given access to the facilities confined spaces to plan and practicing them ahead of time. The supervisor will then check the notations that have been made on the permit to verify that all of the required test have been made and all required procedures and equipment are in place. When the supervisor is satisfied they will sign off on the permit now the entry may begin. As the operation proceeds the entry supervisor will also warn off any unauthorized individuals who attempt to enter the permit space this prevent untrained workers from interfering with the entry or being exposed to hazards they aren't prepared for. The entry supervisor will also monitor the progress of the work in the space. To ensure that it proceeds within a guidelines establish by the permit. If hazards develop at anytime he will stop the work, evacuate the space and suspend or cancel the permit.
 
Now let's talk about the personnel who are actually entering a space to do the work;
  • The entrants - if you are called upon to work as an entrant you'll be trained in all the safe work procedures that are required for confined spaces, including; 
    • How to put barriers and shields around entry points
    • How to install force air ventilation systems
    • How to use ladders and other gear for entering and exiting a space and;
    • How to work with lighting equipment including explosion proof variaties that are use in potentially flammable atmosphere
You will also be trained in the proper use of personal protective equipment, how to monitor the air quality while you are inside the space and evacuation alarms on automatic monitoring devices so you'll know when to get out. In most cases, the entrants wear a chest or full body harness with a retrieval line attached at the center of the back near shoulder level. It may also be attached to wristlets or anklets but only if conditions inside the confined space make wearing a harness impractical or dangerous. 

If the space is over 5 feet deep the other remedy retrieval line should be attached to either a fix point outside the entrance or a retrieval device such a tripod and winch. These non-entry retrieval systems enable the attendant or other personnel to pull you out, if you become incapacitated without putting themselves at risks. These systems must be in place unless would actually increase the entrant's risks  during operations or fail to help in a rescue attempt. Because communication is so important between entry team members as an entrant you'll also be trained to use communication equipment such as two way radios to stay in touch with your attendant. In addition, on updating them on the status of the entry you may need to inform them of any hazards that may be developing. You also have to be able to receive an evacuation order from either the attendant or the entry supervisor in case of an emergency. 

Attendants and Evacuation
If you are assigned to be a confined space attendant, you'll have very different duties from entrants. For one thing, normally attendants don't enter a confined space themselves. As an attendant your job is to stay by the entrance and monitor on what goes on both inside and outside the space. This allows you to make quick informed decisions about whether it safe to the entry to continue or the work should be stop and the entrants evacuated. Situations were you should immediately order an evacuation of a space include;
  • when you see that a new hazard is developing 
  • when an entrant tells you that a hazard is developing
  • or if you see that an entrant is showing symptoms of oxygen deprivation or exposure to toxic substances so, it's critical for you to be able to recognize the signs of elevated toxicity or lack of oxygen in an entrant.
  • you'll also need to be thoroughly familiar with the entry permit, because if a prohibited condition arises that will require an evacuation too.
  • and you must keep track of the number of entrants in a space as well, so they all can be encountered for if something happens.
As an attendant, you can be a very busy person. You may need to monitor more than one entry space at a time and also perform other tasks such as handing tools tools to entrants or warning unauthorized personnel away from the operation. But these activities must never interfere with your ability to monitor entry personnel and watch for problems. If anytime you feel you cannot safely and effectively perform all of your assigned duties, you should stop the work and get the entrants out. If an emergency does occur when there are entrants in a space and they need help to escape, you should call for rescue services immediately. It's also important to remember that, whenever a permit space is evacuated an evaluation must be made afterward to find out what went wrong. Only after steps have been taken to prevent the situation that cause the evacuation from occurring again, can the space be re-entered? And a new permit must be filled out and signed by the entry supervisor before anyone goes in to the space again.
 
Some Special Situations
We've seen how a typical confined space entry can play out but special situations can sometimes come up as well and you need to understand how they should be handled. For example, here's one you won't mind having some confined spaces may only require a few safety precautions. When the only hazards that are found in the space have to do with its atmosphere, force air ventilation alone maybe enough to control them so, additional precautions simply aren't needed. In fact, not all confined space require an entry permit, if they can be proven without entering a space that it is completely free of hazards then it can be designated a non-permit space. Since it will no longer be regulated by the permit required confined space standard work can proceed without following permit space following guidelines. For instance, this could mean that an entrant would not need an attendant and could work alone. 
 
Some permit requires spaces can also be reclassified as non-permit, one's their hazards or potential hazards have been removed. In these cases, written certification showing that all hazards have been eliminated is required to reclassify the permit space. Contractors create other special situations much of them involving responsibilities and communication, things that all involved employees need to be aware of. If a contractor is being broad to perform industrial work in a space, the host employer must inform the contractor of the location of the space, the hazards that will be found in the space and the precautions that have been previously used o enter the space safely. For their part, the contractor must actively seek out these information before beginning their work. If both the host employer and the contractor will be working in or around the space at the same time, they must coordinate the activities of their personnel according to the permit space program of the host employer. 
 
To ensure safety of multiple employer's sites or a number of sub-contractors maybe involved the construction version of a confined space entry regulation addresses the use of contractors differently. In the construction regulation;
  • Host Employer is to find as the owner or manager of the property where the work is being done.
  • Controlling Contractor often known as a general contractor has overall responsibilities before the construction activity on the site.
  • Entry Employers  typically sub-contractors are the companies that are actually send their workers in to the permit space.

The construction regulation requires a comprehensive communication of a safety information among them all, before, during and after confined space entry. And after the entry has been completed the controlling contractor must informed the host employer of the permit space program that was used to comply with the permit required confined space regulation. As well as  report any hazard that were encountered during the entry.

OSHA's permit required confined space regulation is designed to create the safest possible condition for anyone working in or around a confined space. But remember, you have responsibilities as well. Let's review;

  • you should always use extra precautions when working in or around s confined space
  • take your confined space entry training seriously, what you know and what you do can save lives
  • always follow all of the procedures specified in your permit space entry program 
  • be sure to wear the proper personal protective equipment when entering a confined space
  • most of all take your time to become familiar to the confined space regulation and your facility's entry permit system. Your life and the lives of your co-worker could depend on it.
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