Bloodborne Pathogens: Universal Precautions Training Video by Summit Training Source

Bloodborne Pathogens Universal Precautions Training Video and DVD Program
 
  • SKU: 6459
  • Copyright: 2009
  • Runtime: 14 mins.
  • Producer: Summit Training Source
What's in The Box
  • (1) Training DVD
  • (1) Facilitator Guide with Quiz (printable download)
  • (1) Handbook (printable download)
  • (1) Customizable Powerpoint Presentation (printable download)
  • (1) Certificate of Completion (printable download)
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Description

Product Description

Bloodborne Pathogens: Universal Precautions   Bloodborne Pathogens are infectious materials found in blood and other bodily fluids that cause disease in humans. Summit’s Video/DVD training program, Bloodborne Pathogens: Universal Precautions will keep workers informed about situations where infections from blood and other body fluids are a risk factor. This program uses real life scenarios, on-site footage, and high-end animation to provide employee’s with the knowledge and training necessary to protect themselves and their co-workers. No matter the occupation, the risk of encountering a bloodborne pathogens is present. Teach your workers the hazards of bloodborne pathogens and how to reduce the risk of exposure.

This program covers:

  • What bloodborne pathogens are
  • Diseases that could be transmitted
  • Potential exposure routes
  • How to protect yourself
  • What to do if exposure does occur
  • Format: DVD
  • Language: English and Spanish
  • Length:14 mins.
What's in The Box

What's In The Box

  • (1) Training DVD
  • (1) Facilitator Guide with Quiz (printable download)
  • (1) Handbook (printable download)
  • (1) Customizable Powerpoint Presentation (printable download)
  • (1) Certificate of Completion (printable download)
Preview

Video Transcript

In this environment we deal with bloodborne pathogens everyday and we some successfully because we're all clearly understand the consequences. Everyone no matter what your occupation could encounter bloodborne pathogens. To protect yourself it's vital that you understand what bloodborne pathogens are and the potential hazards they post and it's easy to keep yourself protected when you utilize this two simple things, common sense and universal precautions. 

Bloodborne Pathogens
Universal Precautions
In this video we will cover;

  • What bloodborne pathogens are
  • Diseases that could be transmitted
  • Potential exposure routes
  • How to protect yourself
  • What to do if exposure occurs

What Bloodborne Pathogens Are
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious materials found in blood and other bodily fluids that cause disease in humans. These materials can be transmitted through contact with contaminated blood, semen & vaginal secretions. Bloodborne pathogens may also be present in other body fluid like, urine, feces, nasal secretions, breast milk, vomit, tears, perspiration and saliva. It's important to note here that if there's no visible trace of blood in this body fluids the risks of disease transmission is extremely small. People at a higher risk of being exposed to bloodborne pathogens include healthcare workers, dental workers, laboratory technicians, law enforcement personnel, fire fighters, housekeeping personnel, medical waste treatment employees, anyone providing first aid or emergency care to injured personnel, persons with more than one sexual partner and injection drug users. 

Disease That Could Be Transmitted
While the odds of contracting a bloodborne disease are small, their potential danger is great. There are man diseases that can be transmitted by bloodborne pathogens including HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and other pathogens such as those that cause malaria and syphilis. Although HIV is the best known, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis Care the most common bloodborne pathogen diseases transmitted in the USA with Hepatitis B being much more common than Hepatitis C at this time. Let's take a quick look at these three transmittable diseases starting with HIV.

As you'd probably aware, HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes AIDS. The virus attacks your immune system and leaves you vulnerable to other types of diseases like cancer and pneumonia. Many people live with HIV without showing any symptoms and the only way to know if a person is infected id a blood test. The same is through of Hepatitis , both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are contagious liver diseases that cause inflammation of the liver, early symptoms are a lot like a mild flu including fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting. Extreme vatigue is a very common of Hepatitis C. Both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C can be either acute or chronic. Acute Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are short term illnesses that occur within the first 6 months after someone is exposed to the Hepatitis B virus or the Hepatitis C virus respectively. Acute Hepatitis B can sometimes lead to chronic Hepatitis B infection which is a long term illness that occurs when the Hepatitis B virus remains in a person's body. Chronic Hepatitis B is a serious disease that can result in long term health problems and even death. Fortunately, a vaccine is available for Hepatitis B.

If you are exposed to blood and other potentially infectious materials on a regular basis as part of your job. The Hepatitis B vaccines will be made available to you by your employer at no cost, more than 90% of those vaccinated will develop immunity to Hepatitis B. Acute Hepatitis C infection however often leads to chronic infection. Chronic Hepatitis C is a serious disease that can result in long term health problems or even death. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for Hepatitis C. Although HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are the three most commonly transmitted diseases, they're not the only bloodborne pathogens that can be transmitted that's why it's important to protect yourself from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials.

Potential Exposure Routes
So how that's the everyday Joe or Jane become expose to bloodborne pathogens? It's simple really, the human skin access a natural barrier to bloodborne pathogens. Bloodborne pathogens on the skin can be wash away without harm to the individual. But when a bloodborne pathogen finds a way through the skin, through a body opening or a break in the skin you could become infected. Examples of breaks in the skin include cuts, scrapes, abrasions, acne or open sores. Also opening such as the eyes, mouth and nose can become route of entry if contaminated material is splash or sprayed into them. Contaminated material can also find a way into the body through a secondary means such as when a person touches a contaminated tool and then touches their eyes, mouth, nose or open cut. For medical workers one of the most common methods of exposure is by a needle stick. In other work environments however the biggest threat of exposure to bloodborne pathogens comes from skin punctures by contaminated sharp objects. For instance, an infected person could get caught on a sharp piece of metal or glass the metal or glass would then be most likely become contaminated with blood, that same sharp piece of metal or glass could then cut you the other person's blood could then mix with yours and possibly infect you. It's for situation like this that you need to utilize a little bit of common sense and take universal precautions to protect yourself.

How to Protect Yourself
As the saying goes, it's better to be safe than sorry, that's why if you routinely expose to blood or other potentially infectious materials in your workplace a written exposure control plan will be made available to  you. The plan is designed to eliminate or cut down the risk of exposure for employees like healthcare workers, it's reviewed and updated at least once a year and whenever necessary to include new or modified procedures which concerned job exposure. If you have questions and the plan is required in your area talk to your supervisor the big question to ask right now is, how do you know if someone is infected with a bloodborne pathogen and the common sense sensories you don't, so what should you do? How do you protect yourself? Take universal precautions meaning treat all blood and other body fluids as if they are infectious because you just don't know and because you don't know who is infected and who isn't it's vital to use personal protective equipment, work practice controls and engineering controls to reduce exposure risk for all employees. Personal protective equipment or PPE access of barrier between you and infectious substances it should be use whenever there's a potential for exposure such as when attending to an injured co-worker and when handling or disposing of contaminated objects or materials. 

First aid or emergency response team wear gloves and use CPR pocket masks or resuscitation bags to ensure that blood or other potentially infectious material does not make contact with their skin. You should do the same always wear gloves when there's any potential for hand contact with blood or body fluids. Before putting gloves on check for holes, tears or punctures. Do not reuse disposable gloves, utility gloves maybe decontaminated and use again. If there are cracks, peeling, torn or punctured however do not reuse them. 

In more extreme medical fields, googles, mask, glasses with solid side shield and chin length face shields use in conjunction with safety glasses or goggles, protect the eyes, nose and mouth from potentially infectious materials. Utilize work practice controls, clean the affected area and a contaminated tools and then the other items that may have been contaminated with the solution of ten parts water to part common household bleach to effectively decontaminate the area. Remember to wear gloves and safety glasses to avoid direct contact with material that might be infected. If you're dealing with broken glass, use a broom and a dust pan or a pair of tongs to pick up the glass, do not use your hands. Bring the trash container to the broken glass instead of carrying the glass across the room. If there's any possibility that the glass could be contaminated with blood or infectious material, dispose it in an appropriate puncture resistant and leak-proof sharps container mark with a biohazard label. Healthcare professionals and in some cases other employees may need to use needles and other sharp objects for medical purposes, in such cases utilizing engineering controls like especially designed sharps containers is necessary. Needles and other sharp objects must be place in this sharp containers. Sharps containers are generally orange or red orange in color, puncture resistant, leak-proof and marked with a biohazard label.

To avoid being exposed to a needlestick, never recap a needle and never reach in to a sharps container. Once you'd finished your clean up remove your personal protective clothing and equipment before leaving the work area, place it in designated regulated waste containers or storage, decontamination or disposal. Remember to keep all regulated waste containers and a refrigerator or freezers that may contain blood or other potentially infectious materials and then the other containers us to store, transport or ship blood or possibly infected materials mark properly with red or red orange biohazard labels. Contaminated laundry should be handled as little as possible with a minimum of disturbance it should also be bag or containerized at a location where it was use and properly labeled with the universal biohazard label, red bags or containers may also be used

The last item you should remove is your gloves. Be sure to avoid the outside of your gloves with your bare skin to prevent contamination. Dispose of the gloves in the proper place. Once you've removed your gloves wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, since your skin is a barrier to bloodborne pathogens  you want to keep it clean, washing your hands frequently is an important way to prevent exposure by utilizing universal precautions, personal protective equipment, workplace controls and engineering controls. You'd greatly reduce your risks of exposure to bloodborne pathogens. 

What To Do If Exposure Occurs
If you are exposed to potentially infected material immediately wash the area of your body where exposure has occur wit soap and water. Then report the incident to your supervisor or other proper personnel, you and your supervisor should document the incident immediately. If you are exposed to Hepatitis B and you haven't been vaccinated you can still get the vaccination, if you get the vaccine within 24 hours Hepatitis B infection maybe prevented. That's why immediately report any exposure is extremely important. A blood test can be perform to determine if you have become infected. Your employer will be notified if the test is performed. However, all medical records will be kept confidential no matter what the outcome of the test. The result will not be made available to your employer. Remember use common sense if you're exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials wash the exposed area immediately, report the incident to your supervisor and get tested and/or vaccinated.

In this program, we've look at what bloodborne pathogens are and how bloodborne pathogens can be transmitted from one person to another. We've learned how to prevent exposure in the workplace and what to do if the exposure does occur. Diseases cause by bloodborne pathogens can be very serious and you don't know who could be infected by utilizing both common sense and universal precautions the chances of being infected in the workplace will remain minimum.

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