Bloodborne Pathogens In Schools The Fundamentals Training Video & DVD by Accutrain

Bloodborne Pathogens In Schools The Fundamentals Training Handbook
 
  • SKU: BBP042-DVD-ESX
  • Copyright: 2011
  • Runtime: 14 mins
  • Producer: Accutrain
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  • (1) 14 Minute Training DVD
  • (5) Booklets
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Product Description

Coastal's Bloodborne Pathogens In Schools The Fundamentals Training DVD

Most people exposed to bloodborne pathogens never become infected, but the fundamental reality is this: if you take precautions, your odds of becoming infected are significantly reduced.

This Coastal Dupont BBP in Schools Safety Video uses non-medical terms to teach your staff the fundamentals of bloodborne pathogens.

  • Identify the symptoms of three common BBPs
  • Trace how the three common BBPs spread
  • Apply the Exposure Control Plan and proper hand hygiene
  • Put Standard Precautions into place
  • Respond to bleeding emergencies
  • Format: DVD
  • Language: English, Spanish
  • Length: 14 minutes
  • Produced in 2010

 

What's in The Box

What's In The Box

  • (1) 14 Minute Training DVD
  • (5) Booklets
Preview

Video Transcript

Bloodborne Pathogens in Schools (The Fundamentals)
What are Bloodborne Pathogens?

Here we have a representative BBP, my point precisely you can't see them visible they live in the blood and body fluids of infected people. Many people who are infected with BBPs have no symptoms and don't look or feel sick, in some cases for up to 30 years. However all along the infection is slowly damaging your liver and they're contagious.

HBV, HCV & HIV
The three most common BBPs are Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Most people think of HIV when they hear the word bloodborne pathogens but actually the Hepatitis B virus is 50-100 times more infectious than HIV and more easily  spread in the workplace. The Hepatitis B vaccine can prevent HBV but there's no vaccine to prevent HCV, both Hepatitis B and C are viruses that attack the liver. Once infected, you can have a mild infection that goes away in a short time or you can have a chronic infection that last a lifetime and could lead to liver disease even cancer even death. Only blood tests can identify HBV, HCV and HIV diseases. If you do have symptoms that's mild and flu like nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, fever, headaches and abdominal pain or you have jaundice. Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV the virus that causes aids attacks a person's immune system like Hepatitis, people with HIV can be normal seemingly healthy life for years without knowing they're infected and still be contagious. When the point immune system breaks down they develop aids, there's no vaccines for aids and no cure. 

Transmission: How BBPs Spread
How are these BBPs transmitted that is to say spread from person to person, that's it to say how's one become exposed or infected in the first place which is of course what are we trying to avoid you. The most common ways BBPs are transmitted are to unprotected sex with an infected person or by sharing needles or other paraphernalia to inject drugs. Infected mothers can also pass the virus to the newborn children. The school environment BBPs are more likely to spread when you touched something like counter top contaminated of blood or body fluids and then touched a mucus membrane of your eyes, nose or mouth.

Contaminated surfaces like desks or athletic equipment are a major factor that spread BBPs because the Hepatitis virus can survive outside the body. HBV can survive on surfaces and equipment for at least a week. The Hepatitis C virus can survive outside the body on environment surfaces for at least 16 hours but no longer than 4 days. During that time the virus can still cause infection if it in your bloodstream. BBPs can also spread from you injure yourself from a needle or a sharp objects that's contaminated with bloods or body fluids anything that can tears your skin or if you touched a contaminated object happens it can enter you bloodstream to an opening in your skin cuts, razor nicks, dermatitis, acne or even openings you can't see. According to Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC) it may be even be possible to become infected when poor infection-control are used during tattooing or body piercing or from sharing razors or toothbrushes. An estimated 800,000 - 1.4 million people in the US have chronic Hepatitis B, 3.2 million have Chronic Hepatitis C and somewhere around 1.3 million are infected with HIV. 

Read Your Exposure Control Manual
Guidelines have been developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to protect you from exposure to bloodborne pathogens. You can find some of that information in your school exposure control manual, along with the list of hazards that based on the job, how reduce your risks and what to do if you're exposed.

Protect Yourself with Standard Precautions
Standard precautions mean you assume that everyone is contaminated with HIV or Hepatitis and you don't take chances. A simple playground incident, a bloody nose or injury each one has potential to exposure to BBPs,. Protect yourself with personal protective equipment (PPE) including gloves as well as masks and protective eye wear if necessary. Your employer will provide you with PPE and train you how to use it but it is your job to make sure it's kept in good working condition so you can use it at the moment you noticed, damage PPE does not protect you.

Bleeding Emergencies
When an incident happens and the person begins to bleed, the first reaction is the person with authority is to help the injured person. But how many of the victims are infected with Hepatitis or HIV? You don't know. Without protection from blood or body fluids your natural inclination could cause you your life or at least you help and potentially the help of your loved ones. When assisting someone who's injured or bleeding, follow these precautions;

  • if it's serious, send someone to call emergency personnel, if the individual has a minor cut you should try and stop the bleeding itself.
  • if they need help, apply pressure to the wound but protect yourself first put on your PPE. Remember cuts, sores or braise on your expose skin should be bandage since blood may leak to a puncture.
  • if no gloves are available, place a barrier between you of the blood or body fluids but it's always best to keep gloves handy and inspect them routinely so you're prepared for emergencies.
  • remove the gloves as carefully as possible, never touch the outside of the glove of bear skin. Pill one glove off from the top of the wrists to the fingertips and hold it on the glove hand, with the exposed hand peal the second glove from the inside tacking the first glove inside the second. Then disposed of your gloves according to your school's exposure control plan and wash your hand with soap and water.

Hand Hygiene
CDC guidelines recommend washing your hands from they are visibly soiled or contaminated before eating, drinking, handling contact lenses or applying make up, after using the restroom and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing. Begin by wetting the entire surface of your hands and wrists. Using a non-basic soap rub your hand together for at least 20 seconds, be sure to wash between your fingers around fingernails and under rings. Now keep your hand pointed downward as you rinse, keep the contaminants off your hands and dry with disposable towel. One more thing use a towel to turn off the faucet not your hand. Then dispose of towels immediately you wouldn't wanna live the contaminated towels for someone else to use. If hand washer facility is not available use antiseptic towelettes or alcohol based sanitizer until you can get to the water. Apply a recommend amount of the product to the palm with one hand and rub your hands together. Covering all surfaces of your hands and fingers until your hands are dry, but wash with soap and water as soon as you can. 

 
If blood splashes against your eyes and nose, flash your eyes and exposed membranes with large amount water and report the incident to your employer or supervisor immediately, do not wait until the end of you shift. Most exposure do not result in infection but times of the essence with these kind of exposures. If you get appropriate treatment quickly, you an prevent infection.
 
Cleaning Up
Don't attempt to clean up blood or other body fluids unless you're trained or authorized to do so. Notify the custodian especially trained in cleaning up spills. If you have to pick up potentially contaminated sharp objects such as needles, knives, razor blades or broken glass never use your hand. Use tongs or broom and dustpan then disposed in the facility of proof puncture proof container. If any articles become contaminated with blood of body fluids, follow your school's policy for decontamination or disposal. If you empty garbage cans shake them down and always carry them from the top, never close to your body. In case, someone disposed of a sharp object that can cut through the bag and cut you.
 
Good Housekeeping & Personal Hygiene
  • Keep you work area clean to reduce potential for exposure.
  • Minimize splashing, spraying, spattering and generation of droplets when attending to an injury, especially where blood is present.
  • Don't eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics or lip balms or handle contact lenses where there is likelihood of exposure
  • Don't keep food and drink in refrigerator, freezers or cabinets or on shelves, countertops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.
  • Wash your hands routinely and don't be shy about reminding students to do the same.
  • Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose ans mouth.

Roll Up Your Sleeve
Roll up your sleeve for the HBV vaccination it may be one of the best ways to prevent HBV. If you are exposed to blood or other infectious materials as part of your job, the school system made a HBV vaccination for you.

Standard Precautions essentially means you decide everyone is infected and take action to protect yourself. You wear PPE when you anticipate contact with blood and body fluids. You keep you environment clean and your hands washed.

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